Neglected Tropical Diseases

Neglected tropic diseases is a term coined by WHO for the diseases which thrive in the poverty. Neglected tropical diseases affect more than 1 billion people, primarily poor populations living in tropical and subtropical climates.

The list includes dengue, rabies, blinding trachoma, Buruli ulcer, endemic treponematoses (yaws), leprosy (Hansen disease), Chagas disease, human African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness), leishmaniasis, cysticercosis, dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease), echinococcosis, foodborne trematode infections, lymphatic filariasis, onchocerciasis (river blindness), schistosomiasis (bilharziasis), soil-transmitted helminthiases (intestinal worms)

Laboratory Diagnosis of Dengue Viral Infection

Laboratory Diagnosis of Dengue Viral Infection

Detection of IgG and IgM are accessible methods but NS1 antigen detection, genome detection and virus isolation are sensitive methods.

Taenia solium vs. Taenia saginata 

Taenia solium vs. Taenia saginata 

Taeniasis is caused by both Taenia solium and Taenia saginata but only infections with Taenia solium may cause cysticercosis. Find out why

Lab Diagnosis of Lymphatic Filariasis

Lab Diagnosis of Lymphatic Filariasis

Demonstration of microfilarae in the peripheral blood using thick or thin smear, QBC, or membrane filtration method is diagnostic.

Leprosy: Etiology, Pathogenesis, Lab Diagnosis

Leprosy: Etiology, Pathogenesis, Lab Diagnosis

Also known as Hansen’s disease, leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by an acid-fast bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae.

Lab Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar)

Lab Diagnosis of Visceral Leishmaniasis (Kala-Azar)

Detection of amastigote stage (LD bodies), rk39 and DAT tests are commonly used methods for the diagnosis of Kala-azar.

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Leishmaniasis: Types, Transmission, and Control

Rabies Virus: Structure, Pathogenesis, and Lab Diagnosis

Rabies Virus: Structure, Pathogenesis, and Lab Diagnosis

Rabies is a viral disease most often transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal. Rabies virus is a negative-sense, non-segmented, SS RNA virus.