Continuous cell line

At any time during the culture of a cell strain, cells in the culture may become transformed, meaning that they are no longer subject to crisis and senescence but can be passage indefinitely i.e. they will have infinite lifespan. Immortal cell cultures are called continuous cell lines, to distinguish them from primary cultures and cell strains which have definite lifespan.

Senescence:Normal cells usually divide only a limited number of times before losing their ability to proliferate, which is a genetically determined event.

Immortalization can occur spontaneously during passage of a cell strain, or it can be induced by

  • treatment with chemical mutagens,
  • infection with tumorigenic viruses, or
  • transfection with oncogenes.

In addition, cells cultured from tumor tissue frequently establish immortal cell lines in culture.

Immortalization is typically accompanied by genetic changes—such cells become aneuploid, containing abnormalities in the number and structure of chromosomes relative to the parent species, and not all cells in a culture of a continuous cell line necessarily display the same karyotype. Like cell strains, cell lines are usually composed of cells that are either fibroblast-like or epithelial-like in morphology.

As with the propagation of cell strains, continued culture of a cell line may result in selection of specific variants that outgrow other cells in the culture over time, and thus with passage the character of a cell line may change substantially, and cell lines of the same origin cultured in different laboratories over a period of years may have significantly different characteristics. It is prudent, therefore, to freeze stocks of cell lines having specific desirable properties so that these cells can be recovered if the properties disappear during culture. Likewise, it makes sense to obtain a cell line showing certain desired characteristics directly from the laboratory that described those characteristics, because cells from alternative sources may differ in character
About tankeshwar 368 Articles
Hello, thank you for visiting my blog. I am Tankeshwar Acharya. Blogging is my passion, I am working as a Asst. Professor and Microbiologist at Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal. If you want me to write about any posts that you found confusing/difficult, please mention in the comments below.

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