MCQs: General Microbiology with Answer Keys

Last updated on June 6th, 2021

  1. If a scientist actively researches the frequency and distribution of the diseases, he is said to be a:
    a. Mycologist
    b. Immunologist           
    c. Etiologist
    d. Epidemiologist
    e. Ecologist
  2. The biggest obstacle in the acceptance and development of the science of microbiology was:
    a. Lack of effective vaccines
    b. Lack of sterile containers
    c. Theory of spontaneous generation
    d. Absence of debilitating diseases before the seventeenth-century   
    e. Use of aseptic technique
  3. The germ theory of disease states that:
    a. Microorganisms that invade other organisms can cause disease in those organisms
    b. Microorganisms can spontaneously arise in debilitated hosts
    c. Microorganisms don’t cause infectious diseases
    d. Not all microorganisms are harmful
    e. All microorganism are beneficial to human in one way or another
  4. When determining distances and sizes, the smallest unit of measurement is the:
    a. Milimeter
    b. Micrometer      
    c. Centimeter
    d. Decimeter
    e. Nanometer
  5. The average wavelength of light visible to our eye is:
    a. 800 nm        
    b. 200 nm        
    c. 550 nm
    d. 100 nm      
    e. 420 nm
  6. In a light microscope, what function does the condenser serve?
    a. Focuses the light rays onto our eyes
    b. Mangnifies the light rays after their passage through the sample
    c. Focuses the light rays on the sample
    d. Increases the light intensity
    e. Reduces glare
  7. The total magnification of a microscope is calculated by:
    a. Addition of the objective lens and ocular lens magnification powers
    b. Multiplication of the objective lens and ocular lens magnification powers
    c. Multiplication of the objective lens and condenser lens magnification powers
    d. The objective lens power squared
    e. none of the above
  8. Which of the following stains is used frequently to identify mycobacterium and other bacteria whose cell walls contain high amounts of lipids?
    a. Gram stain
    b. Schaeffer-Fulton stain          
    c. Acid-fast stain
    d.Giemsa Stain
    e. Spore stain
  9. Which of the following microscopic techniques provide three-dimensional images of a bacterial cell?
    a. Transmission Electron Microscopy
    b. Scanning Electron Microscopy
    c. Negative staining microscopy
    d. Dark-field microscopy
    e. Fluorescent microscopy
  10. The transmission electron microscope has the greatest resolving power because it uses an electron beam to view the sample instead of a light beam. The electron beam is used because
    a. Electrons have longer wavelengths than light waves
    b. Electrons do not penetrate the sample
    c. Light waves are less visible
    d. Electrons have shorter wavelengths than light waves
    e. Electrons are less invasive.

Answer Keys

  1. d. Epidemiologist
  2. c. Theory of spontaneous generation
  3. a. Microorganisms that invade other organisms can cause disease in those organisms
  4. e. Nanometer
  5. c. 550 nm
  6. c. Focuses the light rays on the sample
  7. b. Multiplication of the objective lens and ocular lens magnification powers
  8. c. Acid fast stain
  9. b. Scanning Electron Microscopy
  10. d. Electrons have shorter wavelengths than light waves
About Acharya Tankeshwar 473 Articles
Hello, thank you for visiting my blog. I am Tankeshwar Acharya. Blogging is my passion. I am working as an Asst. Professor and Microbiologist at Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal. If you want me to write about any posts that you found confusing/difficult, please mention in the comments below.