Laboratory Diagnosis of Ebola Virus Disease

By Acharya Tankeshwar •  Updated: 05/03/22 •  1 min read

Diagnosing Ebola in a person who has been infected for only a few days is difficult, because the early symptoms, such as fever, are nonspecific to Ebola infection and are seen often in patients with more commonly occurring diseases, such as malaria and typhoid fever.

However, if a person has the early symptoms of Ebola and has had contact with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, contact with objects that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola, or contact with infected animals, they should be isolated and public health professionals notified. Samples from the patient can then be collected and tested to confirm infection.

Timeline of InfectionDiagnostic tests available
Within a few days after symptoms beginAntigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) testing IgM ELISA, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Virus isolation
Later in disease course or after recoveryIgM and IgG antibodies
Retrospectively in deceased patientsImmunohistochemistry testing
PCR
virus isolation

Download Laboratory Guidelines for Testing of Ebola Virus Disease: Click to Download

Acharya Tankeshwar

Hello, thank you for visiting my blog. I am Tankeshwar Acharya. Blogging is my passion. As an asst. professor, I am teaching microbiology and immunology to medical and nursing students at PAHS, Nepal. I have been working as a microbiologist at Patan hospital for more than 10 years.

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