Ebola Virus Disease is transmitted from Human to Human (H2H) through direct, physical contact with the bodily fluids (vomit, faeces, urine, blood, semen, etc.) of people who have been infected with or died from Ebola virus disease (EVD).
People who are at highest risk of developing Ebola Virus Disease are Health Care workers who came in contact with patients suffering from Ebola Virus Disease and the family and friends of infected individual.
If you travel to or are in an area affected by an Ebola outbreak, or you are a healthcare worker or a family or friend of person suffering from Ebola Virus disease, following the following mentioned steps helps you to reduce the chances of contracting Ebola Virus Disease.
- Hand washing is the best tools to combat any infectious disease including Ebola. Practice careful hygiene. For example, wash your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer and avoid contact with blood and body fluids.
- Do not handle items that may have come in contact with an infected person’s blood or body fluids (such as clothes, bedding, needles, and medical equipment).
- Avoid funeral or burial rituals that require handling the body of someone who has died from Ebola.
- Avoid contact with bats and nonhuman primates or blood, fluids, and raw meat prepared from these animals.
- Avoid hospitals in West Africa where Ebola patients are being treated.
- After you return from Ebola affected regions, monitor your health for 21 days and seek medical care immediately if you develop symptoms of Ebola.
- To protect yourself, your family, and your community from EVD transmission, immediately report to the nearest health facility if you develop symptoms indicative of EVD, including high fever, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhoea, or haemorrhaging.
Healthcare workers who may be exposed to people with Ebola should follow these steps:
- Wear protective clothing, including masks, gloves, gowns, and eye protection.
- Practice proper infection control and sterilization measures. For more information, see “Infection Control for Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers in the African Health Care Setting”.
- Isolate patients with Ebola from other patients.
- Avoid direct contact with the bodies of people who have died from Ebola.
- Notify health officials if you have had direct contact with the blood or body fluids, such as but not limited to, feces, saliva, urine, vomit, and semen of a person who is sick with Ebola. The virus can enter the body through broken skin or unprotected mucous membranes in, for example, the eyes, nose, or mouth
There is no FDA-approved vaccine available for Ebola.