Process of random uptake of free DNA fragments by the competent bacteria from the surrounding environment.
Donor cells in which F factor are integrated can transfer adjacent chromosomal gene to recipient cells in a high frequency.
Transfer of genetic material from one bacteria (male) to another bacteria (female) through mating (via conjugation tube made by sex pili).
Three broad mechanisms mediate the efficient movement of DNA between cells- conjugation, transduction, and transformation.
It involves transfer of only a particular genetic segment of the bacterial chromosome that is present adjacent to the phage DNA.