Quorum sensing

Bacterial Quorum Sensing

Last updated on May 31st, 2021Adaptation is the key for the survival. Organisms with successful adaption strategies are more likely to survive than others. Dinosaurs failed to adapt to the new environment and therefore became […]

aware classification of antibiotics
Antimicrobial Resistance

WHO AWaRe Classification of Antibiotics

Last updated on June 21st, 2021Access, Watch, Reserve (AWaRe) classification of antibiotics was developed by World Health Organization (WHO) to assist in the development of tools for antibiotic stewardship at local, national, and global levels […]

Actinomyces in culture and gram-stain

Actinomyces: Properties, Disease, Lab Diagnosis

Last updated on June 21st, 2021Actinomyces comprised a heterogeneous group of gram-positive, pleomorphic bacilli. Other properties are: facultatively anaerobic or microaerophilic, non-spore-forming, non-acid-fast (this is a contrast to another bacteria, Nocardia which is acid-fast) Non-motile […]

Mechanism of macrolides
Antimicrobial Resistance

Macrolides: Mode of Action, Mechanism of Resistance

Last updated on July 4th, 2021Macrolides are primarily bacteriostatic antibacterial agents that inhibit bacterial protein synthesis by binding with 50S subunit of the ribosome. Members of the group include erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, dirithromycin, and telithromycin. […]