Types of Vaccines

Infectious diseases can be prevented by using immunizations (also called vaccination) that induce either active or passive immunity. Active immunity is induced by vaccines prepared from pathogens or their products. Passive immunity is provided by the administration of preformed antibodies.

The term ‘vaccination’ is derived from ‘Vaccinia’, the first-ever vaccine (smallpox vaccine) which protects against smallpox. Vaccines can be categorized into six different types based on the process used to make them. These are;

  1. Live-attenuated vaccines
  2. Inactivated vaccines
  3. Subunit vaccines
  4. Toxoid vaccines
  5. Viral vector vaccines
  6. Messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines

Personalized Vaccines: the Next Big Step in Vaccinology

Personalized Vaccines: the Next Big Step in Vaccinology

A personalized vaccines has the potential to create the next golden age in the field of immunization and vaccinology.

Adjuvants: Types and Functions

Adjuvants: Types and Functions

Adjuvants are ingredients used in some vaccines to enhance the immunogenicity of antigens (immunogens).

Killed or Live Vaccine, Which One to Choose?

Killed or Live Vaccine, Which One to Choose?

Live, attenuated vaccines and inactivated vaccines are two basic types of vaccines used to protect susceptible individuals from infectious diseases.

mRNA Vaccine: What it is and How it works?

mRNA Vaccine: What it is and How it works?

mRNA vaccines teach our cells how to make a protein. This protein triggers an immune response inside our bodies.

Immunization Schedule from Birth-18 Years (Infographics)

Immunization Schedule from Birth-18 Years (Infographics)

Vaccinations begin early, but regular doses continue through the first several years of childhood, with periodic updates and the addition of a few new vaccinations later on.

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Poliovirus Vaccine: Salk and Sabin vaccine