Helicobacter pylori

Helicobacter pylori Virulence Factors: Roles in Pathogenesis

Helicobacter pylori Virulence Factors: Roles in Pathogenesis

Major virulence factors of H. pylori are flagella, urease enzyme, adhesins, VacA, CagA, OpiA, and DupA.

Urea Breath Test (UBT): Principle, Procedure, and Results

Urea Breath Test (UBT): Principle, Procedure, and Results

Patients swallow 14C-urea capsule. Test urea will be broken down, if infected, and a lot of 14CO2 produced which is detected in the breathe.

Helicobacter Pylori Tests and Results

Helicobacter Pylori Tests and Results

To diagnose H. pylori infections, urea breathe test, fecal antigen test and rapid urease test are most widely used.