Counter immunoelectrophoresis (CIE): Principle, Procedure and Uses

This post was most recently updated on August 26th, 2019

 The principle of Counter Immunoelectrophoresis method is that at pH 8.4 the immunoglobulins will migrate to the negative end of a capillary system if an electric field has been applied to the capillary system. In the same capillary system, many antigens will migrate towards the positive end at that pH. As the antibody and antigen move towards each other in an electric field, they will soon meet in optimal proportion and visible precipitate is formed.

Salient features:

  1. Modification of the Ouchterlony method.
  2. Unknown bacterial antigen and a known specific antibody move towards each other in an electrical field
  3. Most bacterial antigen are negatively charged  (eg. Capsular polysaccharide) in a slightly alkaline environment.
  4. When Ag and Ab meet in optimal proportions, a line of precipitation appear within the agar matrix
  5. The entire procedure takes about One hour.
  6. Any antigen for which antisera is available can be tested by CIE Sensivity less than that of particle agglutination (0.01-0.05 mg/ml) of antigen.

Uses of Counter Immunoelectrophoresis

Counter Immunoelectrophoresis is used to detect presence of capsular antigens in CSF of

  • H. influenzae
  • N. meningitidis
  • S. Pneumoniae etc

Demerits of the test:

  1. CIE is  more expensive than agglutination based tests.
    • Initial capital outlay for the apparatus
    • Need of large quantity of Ag and Ab
About tankeshwar 387 Articles
Hello, thank you for visiting my blog. I am Tankeshwar Acharya. Blogging is my passion, I am working as an Asst. Professor and Microbiologist at Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Patan Academy of Health Sciences, Nepal. If you want me to write about any posts that you found confusing/difficult, please mention in the comments below.


  1. I am a PhD Student of Medical Microbiology in Nnamdi Azikiwe University. Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria.
    Am appreciative of this your post on electrophoresis. I believe I will still enjoy further interactions with you. Thanks

  2. I am a Bachelor student of Medical Degree in The Quest International University, Perak, Malaysia.
    I am much appreciative and thankful of your article as your article has helped me in microbology.

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