MCQs in History of Microbiology (Part I)

MCQ History of Microbiology One: The epidemic that infected Europe, Middle East, and North Africa and killed tens of millions of people were known as the Black Death.
The disease was caused by

a)      Anthrax

b)      Breathing of foul air

c)       Bubonic plague

d)      Smallpox

e)      Swine flu

MCQ History of Microbiology Two: The event that triggered the development and establishment of microbiology as a science is the

a)      Development of microscope

b)      Germ theory of disease

c)       Spontaneous generation

d)      Use of disinfectants

e)      Vaccinations

MCQ History of Microbiology Three: Which of the following pioneers of Microbiology is credited with the discovery of microorganisms using high-quality magnifying lenses (early microscopes)?

a)      Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

b)      Louis Pasteur

c)       Robert Hooke

d)      Robert Koch

e)      Semmelweis

MCQ History of Microbiology four: Which scientists’ first disproved spontaneous generation by showing that maggots only appear on decaying meat that has been exposed to flies?

a)      Francesco Redi

b)      Joseph Lister

c)       Louis Pasteur

d)      Robert Hooke

e)      Robert Koch

MCQ History of Microbiology Five: The purpose of swan-necked flasks that Louis Pasteur designed to disprove spontaneous generation is to:

a)      Allow the multiplication of microbes in the broth

b)      Implicate the role of flies in the development of maggots on rotting meat

c)       Pasteurize the meat broth

d)      Prevent air from entering the flask

e)      Trap the microbes and prevent them from reaching the broth

MCQ History of Microbiology Six: The Alpha helical structure of DNA was discovered by:

a)      Edward Tatum

b)      Eile Metchnikoff

c)       James Watson and Francis Crick

d)      Oswald Avery, Maclyn McCarty, and Colin McLeod

e)      Paul Ehrlich

MCQ History of Microbiology Seven: Match the following scientists with their contribution:

I. Elie Metchnikoff 1 Discovery of Transposons (jumping genes)
II. Martinus Beijerinck 2 Discovery of Arsphenamine (salvarsan) against syphilis
III. Barbara McClintock 3. Cellular immunity (phagocytes)
IV. Paul Enrlich 4. Discovered viruses (called Contagium vivum fluidum) in a filtrate

a. I-4, II-3, III-2, IV-1
b. I-3, II-4, III-1, IV-2
c. I-3, II-1, III-2, IV-4
d. I-4, II-3, III-1, IV-2

MCQ History of Microbiology Eight:Match the following scientists with their contribution:

I. Sergey N. Winogradsky 1 Established germ theory of disease
II. Louis Pasteur 2 Vaccination for Small pox
III. Joseph lister 3. Discovered nitrogen fixing bacteria in soil
IV. Edward Jenner 4. Developed aseptic techniques

a. I-3, II-1, III-4, IV-2
b. I-3, II-4, III-1, IV-2
c. I-4, II-1, III-2, IV-3
d. I-4, II-1, III-3, IV-2

Red's Experiment; proved maggots came from flies
Red’s Experiment; proved maggots came from flies

Answer Keys of MCQs in Microbiology

1. c) Bubonic plague

2. a) Development of Microscope

3. a) Anton Van Leeuwenhoek

4. a) Francesco Redi

5. e) Trap the microbes and prevent them from reaching the broth

6. c) James Watson and Francis Crick

7. b. (I-3, II-4, III-1, IV-2)
8. a. (I-3, II-1, III-4, IV-2)

Some of the scientists and their discoveries

Investigator Nationality Contribution
Robert Hooke English Discovery of microorganisms (fungi)
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek Dutch Discovery of bacteria
Edward Jenner English Vaccination (smallpox)
Louis Pasteur French Principle of immunization (rabies vaccine), mechanism of fermentation, the defeat of spontaneous generation
Joseph Lister English Antiseptic surgery
Ferdinand Cohn German Discovery of endospores
Robert Koch German Koch’s postulates, the discovery of agents causing tuberculosis and cholera, pure culture microbiology
Sergei Winogradsky Russian Chemolithotrophy and chemoautotrophy, nitrogen fixation, and discovery of sulfur bacteria
Martinus Beijerinck Dutch Enrichment culture technique, the concept of the virus, and the discovery of many metabolic groups of bacteria.

Test your understanding of Microbiology. Try our dedicated MCQ Quiz section for Microbiology. 


Acharya Tankeshwar

Hello, thank you for visiting my blog. I am Tankeshwar Acharya. Blogging is my passion. As an asst. professor, I am teaching microbiology and immunology to medical and nursing students at PAHS, Nepal. I have been working as a microbiologist at Patan hospital for more than 10 years.

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