Mucormycosis caused by Mucorales can be diagnosed by histopathological examination with or without isolation of the fungus from the same site.
Blastomyces dermatitidis is a thermally dimorphic fungus and causes blastomycosis. Single broad-based bud in a clinical sample is diagnostic.
Detection of specific antigens present in the sample (blood, urine, or CSF) using specific antibodies is the mainstay for the rapid diagnosis of infections.
Aspergillus fumigatus is a mold with a septate hyphae with acute angle branching. It causes infections of the skin, eyes and ears; fungus ball in the lungs.
Culture, direct microscopy, and histopathology are mostly used methods for the diagnosis of fungal infections.
Histoplasma capsulatum is an intracellular, thermally dimorphic fungi. It causes systemic mycoses called histoplasmosis.
Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungal pathogen (yeast) responsible for causing cryptococcal meningitis.
Causative agents of Candidiasis, Candida albicans is a gram-positive yeast cells. It gives positive germ-tube test.
Germ tube is a short hyphal extension arising laterally from a yeast cell with no constriction at the point of origin.