Prophylaxis: Vaccines are available for yellow fever and Argentine hemorrhagic fever that can protect against these diseases to some extent.
Prevention of Viral Hemorrhagic Fever can be achieved by either control of rodents, or protecting from bite of vectors or avoiding close contact with infected individuals
1. Avoiding contact with host species i.e. rodents
Because many of the hosts that carry hemorrhagic fever viruses are rodents, disease prevention efforts include:
- controlling rodent populations;
- discouraging rodents from entering or living in homes or workplaces;
- encouraging safe cleanup of rodent nests and droppings
2. For those hemorrhagic fever viruses that spread by arthropod vectors prevention efforts include:
- Control of insect and arthropod vectors
- Use of insect repellants
- Wearing proper clothing which covers most of the body part
- Using bed nets, window screens, and other insect barriers to avoid being bitten by insects.
3. For those hemorrhagic fever viruses that can be transmitted from person to person prevention efforts include:
- Avoiding close physical contact with infected people and their body fluids
- Infected individuals must be isolated and the nursing/physician must wear protective clothing while caring/treating them.
- Proper use, disinfection, and disposal of instruments and equipment used in treating or caring for patients with viral hemorrhagic fever, such as needles and thermometers.