gram positive cocci streptococcus
Laboratory Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease

How to identify Streptococcus pneumoniae?

Last updated on June 17th, 2021Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococci) is a part of the normal nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal flora. It is an important etiological agent of upper and lower respiratory tract infections (URTI and LRTI), bacteremia, and […]

Biochemical Tests

MUG (Beta-Glucuronidase) Test for E. coli

Last updated on June 17th, 2021MUG is an acronym for 4-methylumbelliferyl-β-D-glucuronide. Since 97% of Escherichia coli strains produce the enzyme β-D-glucuronidase, MUG test can be used for rapid identification of E. coli. Verotoxin-producing E. coli (E. coli […]

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Laboratory Diagnosis of Bacterial Disease

Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Last updated on June 21st, 2021Pseudomonas species are a group of aerobic, non-spore-forming, Gram-negative rods found in the environment and soil. Only a few species are pathogenic, of which Pseudomonas aeruginosa is most common. Pseudomonas […]