Filtration is the preferred method of sterilizing heat sensitive liquid and gases without exposure to denaturing heat.
Sterilization and decontamination in the medical supplies (surgical supplies, vaccines, and drugs) is done using radiation sterilization.
Disinfection is a process whereby pathogenic organisms, but not necessarily all microorganisms or spores, are destroyed.
Autoclave kills microorganisms using saturated stem under pressure. Autoclave comprises of three parts: a pressure chamber, a lid and an electrical heater.
ETO is an effective sterilizing agent for heat and moisture-sensitive materials in hospitals, industries, and laboratories.
Moist heat has better penetrating power than dry heat and at a given temperature, produces a faster reduction in the number of living organisms.